i've learned a bit about both of the schools mentioned.Rudolf Hilferding and the Austrian School of Anti-Capitalism
BYJOHN E. KING
The Austrian Marxist Rudolf Hilferding (1877–1941) produced an important and influential analysis of capitalism, and he played an active role in Austrian and German politics before falling victim to Nazism. He still has a lot to teach us about the way modern capitalism works.
Rudolf and Margarete Hilferding. (Wikimedia Commons)
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Austria has long been synonymous with free-market economics. Economists like Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek, whose ideas were forged in Central Europe during the early twentieth century, have become talismanic figures for latter-day proponents of untrammelled capitalism. The term “Austrian School” now encompasses a whole set of free-market ideologues, many of whom have no connection to the country itself.
Yet Austria was also the home of an alternative tradition of economic thought whose exponents locked horns with celebrated “Austrians” like von Mises and Hayek. One of its luminaries was the Marxist thinker Rudolf Hilferding, who combined his intellectual work with a leadership role in the Social Democratic movements of Austria and Germany. Hilferding also served as Germany’s Finance Minister during the Weimar Republic, but ultimately fell victim to Nazism in 1941.
His thought contains many valuable insights into the way the modern capitalist system works. Men like Hilferding, who formed an alternative “Austrian School” in their own time, can offer as much to the economics of socialism as their fellow Austrians did to the economics of capitalism.
The Austrian Marxist Rudolf Hilferding (1877–1941) produced an important and influential analysis of capitalism, and he played an active role in Austrian and German politics before falling victim to Nazism. He still has a lot to teach us about the way modern capitalism works.jacobinmag.com
and trumps promised to permanently defund it as much as he can by making payroll tax cuts permanent85 years ago today.....
Yep, he ran as a right leaning populist that wasn't going to cut social security and now he's going to try to drain the funding which is even worse than any average republican proposal to cut it. He ran as a right leaning populist against corruption last time and now he's running as a right wing authoritarian wannabe 3rd world dictator.and trumps promised to permanently defund it as much as he can by making payroll tax cuts permanent
oddly enough our resident boomer trumpists have remained 100% silent on that little nugget
I mean,they were silent on the fact he cut funding in the budget too..............
after promising up and down to never cut it...........................and telling his supporters it was the DEMS who were trying to cut it
The SPD patiently agitated and organized to become the largest party in the Prussian parliament by 1908. They led repeated mass demonstrations for full suffrage, which were inexorably met with brutal repression.The current socialist machinations could result that I order you to shoot down your own relatives, brothers, even parents . . . but even then you must follow my orders without any grumbling.
Allende came first with 37 percent of the vote, Alessandri a close second with 35 percent. To reflect the growing anger against the government, the Christian Democrats had chosen “left candidate” Tomic who got 28 percent.So the working class and the poor took matters into their own hands with a wave of strikes and land seizures. By 1970 there were 5,295 strikes that involved hundreds of thousands of workers
We get the day off. Why don't you do likewise with this shit go celebrate Lebron having an OK game in a winToday Belongs to Workers
Labor Day was born from the most radical struggles of the nineteenth century. Celebrate it.
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For most Americans, Labor Day marks a change in the seasons: summer has ended, football is about to begin, and millions of students return to school. Celebrations consist of taking advantage of deep discounts on patio furniture and mattresses.
Not that there’s much political enthusiasm for Labor Day on the Left, either.
Many depict it as a tokenistic “gift” from capitalist politicians who wanted a sanitized May Day, that could capture militancy and disperse it into “responsible” channels. This narrative calls Labor Day a “bosses’ holiday” that marks the working class’s historic defeat.
This not only misrepresents the day’s history, but also forces us to choose one holiday over the other, as if there were not enough room on the calendar for two days that celebrate workers.
May Day undoubtedly belongs to us: it symbolizes internationalism and solidarity. But Labor Day also has roots in our radical tradition. The militant struggles of the 1880s produced both holidays, and Labor Day’s proponents also fought for the eight-hour day.
However, as the labor movement evolved — fracturing across different social layers and political tendencies — the holidays took on different meanings. Labor Day now stands for the working class’s capture by conservative politicians, while May Day became synonymous with revolutionary action.
But those who see Labor Day as a sop to “buy off” workers gloss over the holiday’s positive effects and the struggles of those who fought for it. The workers’ movement and the socialists so integral to its early days created Labor Day. It did not begin as a national holiday, but as self-activity in the streets.
The end of the nineteenth century was shattered by economic volatility and recurrent crises. The years following the Civil War saw a massive investment in Northern industry. Capital restructuring gave rise to factory production and monopolies.
New production techniques radically reshaped relations on the shop floor. Craft workers simultaneously enjoyed greater power and suffered from increasing levels of exploitation. Mechanization had begun in earnest, and skilled work was being replaced with a simplified division of labor. In this context, the working class was drawn to fledgling social-democratic movement.
Mass immigration injected a constant stream of labor power into the job market. These immigrants — hundreds of thousands a year — formed ethnic enclaves, established their own labor organizations, and contributed to a constantly changing working-class culture. Many brought social-democratic politics with them; others gravitated toward it thanks to the miserable conditions in American factories and cities.
Other struggles found hope in labor’s militancy. The collapse of Reconstruction took back many of black Americans’ social, political, and economic gains and allowed new forms of institutional racism to develop. The fight for women’s suffrage — spurred by emancipation — was temporarily defeated. This all translated into struggle, and the last decades of the nineteenth century erupted into strikes, riots, and mass protest.
The Eight-Hour Holiday
Most historical depictions of Labor Day begin when Grover Cleveland sanctioned a federal holiday in 1894; hence the claim that Labor Day has “conservative roots.”
In reality, however, Labor Day started twelve years earlier — even before the 1886 Haymarket events that inspired May Day — with a mass rally in New York. On September 5, 1882, socialists, the Knights of Labor, and various left organizations associated with the Central Labor Union (CLU) organized a march calling for shorter hours, higher pay, safer working conditions — and a labor holiday. That year, New York had been the scene of spirited labor struggles. On January 30, thousands of workers thronged Cooper Union to support Irish tenants protesting their British landlords.
Notable labor agitators gave speeches, but two names on the roster loom largest: Peter McGuire, general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, and eventual co-founder of the AFL; and Mathew Maguire, International Association of Machinists member and leader of the CLU. Both belonged to the same branch of the Socialist Labor Party (SLP), which was created in 1877, as the successor to the Social Democratic Workingmen’s Party.
1. Ok game? The first 4 minutes of the 4th quarter on both ends were phenomenal and may have changed the complexion of the series. 35 years old and still hitting his head on the rim.We get the day off. Why don't you do likewise with this shit go celebrate Lebron having an OK game in a win